Editorial Board

The Czar Photographed with a Nurse at a Petrograd Hospital, courtesy of Mirrorpix

The following scholars and specialists helped select archival material for inclusion in The First World War, provided written content or reviewed particular areas of the resource:

Professor Holger Afflerbach, University of Leeds
Holger Afflerbach is Professor of Central European History at the University of Leeds. He studied Modern and Medieval history, Italian and German literature at the Heinrich Heine Universität Düsseldorf and the Universitá degli Studi di Napoli. He taught at the University of Düsseldorf where he won a major research grant by the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation for research on Wilhelm II as Supreme Warlord during World War I. He became a DAAD Professor of Modern German History at Emory University in Atlanta, before joining Leeds University. His main research interests lie in: the history of both World Wars, especially World War I with particular reference to late 19th- and early 20th-century German, Austrian and Italian history in a European context; international relations in Europe since 1870, especially between Bismarck and 1914; and the history of war, especially in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Professor Maggie Andrews, University of Worcester
Maggie Andrews is Professor of Cultural History at the Institute of Humanities and Creative Arts, University of Worcester. Her work covers the social and cultural history of 20th century Britain and the representation of that history within popular culture, with a key focus on domesticity and femininity. Maggie is the author of numerous publications including a feminist history of the Women’s Institute movement. She is currently working on the Home Front in Britain in World War One and Two and acting as an AHRC-funded adviser to the BBC in the West Midlands on its World War One at Home project. Maggie has contributed an essay on the British Home Front during WW1 for The First World War: Visual Perspectives and Narratives.

Professor Stephen Badsey, University of Wolverhampton
Stephen Badsey is Professor of Conflict Studies in the Department of History, Politics and War Studies at the University of Wolverhampton; he is also a member of the Conflict Studies group in the School’s Centre for Military History. He is an internationally acknowledged specialist on military-media issues since the middle 19th Century, including the uses of propaganda. He has published over eighty books and articles on military and media subjects, including counterfactual history and the portrayal of warfare by films and television. Stephen has provided an essay on the British propaganda effort, 1914-1919, for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Dr Brad Beaven, University of Portsmouth
Brad Beaven is a Reader in Social and Cultural History and has worked at the University of Portsmouth since 1994. He has published widely on urban popular culture in Britain in the 19th and early 20th centuries. He leads the Port Towns and Urban Cultures research group which is dedicated to furthering our understanding of the social and cultural impact of life in port towns from the 18th century to the modern period. Brad has provided an essay on patriotic rallies and recruitment campaigns at the outbreak of the First World War, for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Joan Beaumont, Australian National University
Joan Beaumont is an internationally recognized historian of Australia in the two world wars, Australian defence and foreign policy, the history of prisoners of war and the memory and heritage of war. She has extensively on Australia and the First World War. She has written an essay for Global Conflict on Australia and New Zealand in World War One.

Dr Annette Becker, Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense
Annette Becker is a Professor of Contemporary History and a senior member of the Institut Universitaire de France. She has written extensively on the two World Wars and has devoted research to humanitarian politics, trauma and memories, particularly among intellectuals and artists. Annette is also one of the founders and vice-president of the Historial de la Grande Guerre Museum and Research Center, and a member of the 1914-2014 Centenary High Committee of France and of the Australian ANZAC Centenary Project.

Mark Bostridge, Independent Scholar
Mark Bostridge is a British writer and critic. His first book was Vera Brittain: A Life, co-written with Paul Berry and published in 1995. He worked on another Brittain project in collaboration with Alan Bishop, Letters from a Lost Generation, published in 1998. He then adapted the letters for a BBC Radio Four series. In 2008, Mark published Because You Died, a selection of Vera Brittain’s First World War poetry and prose, to mark the 90th anniversary of the Armistice. Mark has provided an essay on Vera Brittain, featuring in The First World War: Personal Experiences.

Clive Burlton, Independent Scholar
Clive Burlton is an author, publisher, social historian and an occasional broadcaster. He is a co-founder of Bristol Books Community Interest Company and a non-executive director of Empica Public Relations Ltd. He's also a volunteer archivist and researcher with Bristol Record Office and a Friend of both the Soldiers of Gloucestershire Museum and Bristol Museums, Galleries and Archives where he sits on the latter's executive committee. In 2011, he wrote Trenches to Trams – The Life of a Bristol Tommy, based on the memoirs of his wife's grandfather. He is a member of the Bristol 2014 Advisory Group that is co-ordinating the programme of events commemorating the First World War across the City. Clive has provided an essay on the Bristol Pals and recruitment in South Gloucestershire for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Dr Bruno Cabanes, Yale University
Bruno Cabanes is an Associate Professor in the Department of History at Yale University. He received his Ph.D. from the Université Paris-I Panthéon Sorbonne in 2002. He is particularly interested in the period of transition that followed World War I. He has analysed this topic from a variety of angles: the demobilisation of combat troops, the traumatic impact of war on soldiers and civilians, a comparative study of the different post-war periods in the 20th century, and, more recently, the environmental history of war and its aftermath. His main fields of interest are: Europe – Social and cultural history of WW1; veterans in the 20th century; and the history of human rights after WW1.

Jane Carmichael, National Museums of Scotland
Jane Carmichael is the Director of Collections at the National Museums of Scotland. She is responsible for a huge range of collections which include the history of technology, social history, natural sciences, archaeology, art and design. Jane was previously the first Director of Collections for the Imperial War Museum in London, and prior to that role, ran the IWM Photograph Archive, specialising the photography of the First World War. Jane has contributed an essay on photography during WW1 for The First World War: Visual Perspectives and Narratives.

Dr Santanu Das, King’s College London
Dr Santanu Das is a Reader of English Literature at King’s College London. He works on early twentieth-century literature and culture, with a focus on the First World War. For the last several years, he has been working on the cultural and literary history of South Asia and the First World War. This has involved extensive archival work, in India as well as across Europe. He also presented a series on ‘India and the First World War’ for BBC Radio 4 and wrote a few short pieces on the subject for the British Library website. He has contributed an essay for Global Conflict on the impact of the war on Indian politics and culture.

Professor Alison Fell, University of Leeds
Alison Fell is Professor of French Cultural History at the University of Leeds. In addition to teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate level, her research interests focus on women’s experiences in, and cultural responses to, the First World War in France and Britain. Alison is also Chair of the Steering Group for Legacies of War 1914-18/2014-18, a series of research projects and outreach activities with partners in Leeds and Yorkshire, focusing on the centenary of the First World War. Alison has contributed an essay on women during WW1 for The First World War: Visual Perspectives and Narratives and another on French West African troops for Global Conflict.

Professor Susan R. Grayzel
Susan R. Grayzel is Professor of History and Director of the Sarah Isom Center for Women and Gender Studies at the University of Mississippi. Her teaching interests lie in modern Europe and women. She has authored numerous publications, including Women’s Identities at War: Gender, Motherhood, and Politics in Britain and France during the First World War (1999), Women and the First World War (2000) and The First World War: A Brief History with Documents (2012). Susan’s ongoing work on gender, women and war will feature in several forthcoming volumes commemorating the centenary of the First World War.

Toby Haggith, Imperial War Museums
Toby Haggith is a Senior Curator in the Department of Research at the Imperial War Museum, London. Having previously joined the Film Department, he started the IWM Film Festival in 2001 and was closely involved in the creation and recording of the musical tracks on the IWM DVD release of the digitally restored 1916 film, The Battle of the Somme. Toby is now in overall charge of the IWM Film Festival and associated Student Documentary Master Class, and is leading the IWM project to restore and complete the British concentration camp documentary Memory of the Camps.

Professor Holger Herwig, University of Calgary
Holger Herwig holds a dual position at the University of Calgary as Professor of History and as Canada Research Chair in the Centre for Military and Strategic Studies. He received his BA (1965) from the University of British Columbia and his MA (1967) and Ph.D. (1971) from the State University of New York at Stony Brook. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, he has held major research grants from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, NATO, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Dr Anthony Heywood, University of Aberdeen
Anthony Heywood is Chair of History at The School of Divinity, History and Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen. His
research interests lie mainly in Russian and Soviet history from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. His particular interests are the Russian/Soviet railway system and Russia’s participation in the First World War. He is also interested in inter-Allied relations with special reference to Russia’s foreign procurement policy. He is co-organising (with Professor John W. Steinberg of Georgia Southern University and Professor David McDonald of the University of Wisconsin at Madison) an international collaborative project to mark the centenary of Russia's participation in World War I and the Russian revolutions.

Professor Gerhard Hirschfeld, University of Stuttgart
Gerhard Hirschfeld is the Head and Director of the Library of Contemporary History, as well as Professor at the Historical Institute of the University of Stuttgart. From 1991-2000 he was Chairman of the German Committee for the history of the Second World War, and he is also President of the International Committee for the history of the Second World War. He studied history, political science and German language and literature at the University of Cologne, and has taught at University College, Dublin, the Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf and the universities of Birmingham and Warwick in the UK.

Professor John Horne, Trinity College Dublin
John Horne is Professor of Modern European History at Trinity College Dublin. His research focuses on the history of 20th-century France and the Great War in a comparative and transnational perspective. He is currently writing a history of the French experience in the Great War. John is a board member of the Research Centre of the Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne, and participates in EURHISTXX, a consortium of research institutes across Europe, which explores writing the contemporary history of Europe at a continental level. He has written and edited numerous monographs and articles on various aspects of the First World War.

Dr Kate Hunter, Victoria University of Wellington
Kate Hunter is head of the School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations at Victoria University of Wellington. Her main research areas are: the social history of WW1; Australian history; gender history in colonial societies; and rural and environmental histories. She has authored numerous publications on various subject areas, and is an Honorary Research Associate of Te Papa Tongarewa/National Museum of New Zealand. Kate selected material for this resource from Alexander Turnbull Library’s First World War collections, and has contributed an essay on diaries and letters as testimonies of war, for The First World War: Personal Experiences.

Dr André Lambelet, Quest University, Canada
André Lambelet is a Professor at Quest University Canada having taught history at the University of Adelaide in South Australia and, before that, at the University of Oregon's Robert D. Clarke Honors College. He earned his BA in politics from the University of California, Santa Cruz, having first dabbled in literature, economics, and history. He went on to earn his Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Berkeley. His area of research is modern France, focusing particularly on questions of citizenship, nationhood, and military service. André’s diverse teaching interests include colonialism, war, intellectual and cultural history, and historiography and historical methods.

Professor Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius is a Professor in the Department of History at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. He also serves as the director of the Center for the Study of War and Society, which celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2009. The Center, founded by Dr. Charles Johnson, is active in public service education on the human experience of conflict. Vejas specialises in modern German history, with a particular focus on German relations within Eastern Europe. He completed his Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1994 and was a postdoctoral research fellow at the Hoover Institution on War, Peace, and Revolution from 1994-95.

Dr Sue Malvern, University of Reading
Sue Malvern is a member of the History of Art department at the University of Reading and teaches courses on modern and contemporary art, war and gender, and on museums. Her research interests include art and war in the 20th and 21st centuries, questions of visual display in museums, feminism, sculpture and contemporary art. Sue is also part of the War, Gender and Visual Culture Network, an alliance of scholars working on the visual cultures of 20th and 21st century wars. Sue has contributed an essay on artists and WW1 for The First World War: Visual Perspectives and Narratives.

Dr Siân Nicholas, University of Aberystwyth
Dr Siân Nicholas is a Senior Lecturer in History at Aberystwyth University, with research and teaching interests in modern British social, political and cultural history, in particular the history of the British mass media and the British experience of the two world wars. She has authored and contributed to a wide range of publications, and is co-founder and co-director of the Aberystwyth Centre for Media History. Siân helped select material from the Mirrorpix archive and has provided an essay on the Great War and the Daily Mirror, 1914-1918, for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Philippe Oosterlinck, Hooge Crater Museum
Philippe Oosterlinck is a curator at the Hooge Crater Museum in Belgium and is a passionate collector of war material of the Great War. The Hooge Crater collections include weapons, uniforms and equipment of all armies that fought during those four years. Philippe has provided invaluable input on the material sourced from the museum, which has helped significantly with the compilation of our metadata.

Robert Opie, Museum of Brands, Packaging and Advertising
Fifty years ago, Robert Opie saw the need to unravel the fascinating story of how consumer products and promotion had evolved since Victorian times. By 1975 Robert had enough material to hold his own exhibition, The Pack Age, at the Victoria & Albert Museum. After a sixteen year career in market research, he opened the first museum devoted to the history of packaging and advertising in Gloucester in 1984. The museum moved to London in 2005. Robert has permitted us to use hundreds of documents from his collections, and has contributed an essay on morale, propaganda and patriotism, 1914-1918, for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Professor Robin Prior, University of Adelaide

Robin Prior attended the University of Adelaide where he obtained a degree in 1972, an honours degree in 1974 and a Ph.D. in 1979 (all in Arts/History). He became Associate Professor and Head of the School of History at the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy (UNSW Canberra) in 1998. Since 2005 Robin has been a Professor at UNSW, and his work has been published by some of the most prestigious journals in his field. He has authored numerous books and articles on the Great War and is currently working on a book on Gallipoli commissioned by Yale University Press.

Dr Sophie De Schaepdrijver, Penn State University
Sophie De Schaepdrijver is a social and cultural historian of Western Europe (19th-20th centuries) with an interest in cities, the middle classes, civilian experiences of war, and nationalism. She carried out research on Belgium in the First World War, and is currently writing a book on the Belgian experience of occupation – with attendant issues of resistance, accommodation, profiteering, and collaboration – and its long-term memory. Sophie has also written essays on themes in cultural studies (including 19th-century literature and World War One), which have been collected in a 2002 volume.

Dr Adam Seipp, Texas A&M University
Adam Seipp is Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies at Texas A&M University. He specialises in European war and society, German history and transnational history, and his research and teaching focus on war and social change in 20th century Europe. Adam has contributed an essay on trench newspapers for The First World War: Personal Experiences.

Professor Gary Sheffield, University of Wolverhampton
Gary Sheffield is the Chair of War Studies at the University of Wolverhampton, where he is establishing and managing a centre for First World War history. The Centre and the University will be a major force in both the UK and Europe for the study of the Great War. He is a former lecturer in the Department of War Studies, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. Gary has provided an essay presenting an overview of the causes and military history of WW1, featuring in The First World War: Personal Experiences.

Professor Heather Streets-Salter, Northeastern University
Heather Streets Salter is Chair and Professor of History at Northeastern University. Her research focuses on world history, the structure of empires and colonial relationships, and the scholarship of pedagogy. She has recently written on the First World War in Southeast Asia. She has written an essay for Global Conflict on The Great War in Southeast Asia.

Professor Jonathan Vance, University of Western Ontario
Jonathan Vance teaches military history, Canadian history and social memory. His current research focuses on the First World War, Canadian culture and prisoners of war. He has undertaken a major research project on War, Memory and Popular Culture a collection of archival materials, microforms, published and printed documents, and secondary sources relating to the cultural dimensions of conflict and the collective memory of war. Jonathan has provided two essays for inclusion in our First World War portal; the first on the dominion experience during the Great War for The First World War: Personal Experiences; the second on Canada’s volunteers and conscripts for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Professor David Welch, University of Kent
David Welch studied for his doctorate at the London School of Economics under James Joll. After temporary appointments at the LSE and the American University College London, he joined the University of Westminster where he became Director of the BA Social Science Degree. In 1992, he was appointed Professor of Modern European History (later changed to Modern History) at the University of Kent. He is also Director of the Centre for the Study of War, Propaganda and Society, which he set up at Kent in 1995. His main research interest is in 20th century political propaganda. His work previous to this has been in the area of late 19th and 20th century German history, focusing on the relationship between public opinion, politics and propaganda in German society. David has provided an essay on German propaganda during WW1 for The First World War: Propaganda and Recruitment.

Professor Jay Winter, Yale University
Jay Winter is the Charles J. Stille Professor of History at Yale University. He is a specialist on World War 1 and its impact on the 20th century. His other interests include remembrance of war in the 20th century, such as memorial and mourning sites, European population decline, the causes and institutions of war, British popular culture in the era of the Great War and the Armenian genocide of 1915. Jay earned BA from Columbia University and his Ph.D. and DLitt degrees from Cambridge University. He taught at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the University of Warwick and the University of Cambridge before joining the faculty of Columbia University in 2000 and then the Yale faculty one year later. Jay has contributed an essay on historical writing for inclusion in The First World War: Personal Experiences.

Professor David Woodward, Marshall University
David Fell was Professor of Modern European and Russian History at Marshall University from 1973-2006, chair of their History department 1984-1989, and retired in 2006. He is a member of the Conference on British Studies, Southern Historical Association, Western Front Association and a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He has written an essay for this resource on the American Army during the First World War.